Ovarian cysts are the fillings of sacs with fluid. Ovarian cysts are not generally cancerous. They can be diagnosed through ultrasound and imaging tests. This can help your physician to understand the size and complications related to ovarian cysts. However, having an ovarian cyst during pregnancy can be discomforting. It may lead to sudden pain. If you are trying to get pregnant, it is important to know whether or not you have an ovarian cyst or the painful episodes of the cyst.
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Formation of Cyst and Fertility Issues
Having been diagnosed with an ovarian cyst during pregnancy does not affect the pregnancy chances. But, if you have underlying symptoms of endometriosis, you might have problems with your fertility. Endometriosis is one of the common medical conditions affecting one out of 10 women. It lines up the uterus or can also grow outside the uterus like over the ovaries or fallopian tubes.
However, it is still possible to get pregnant, but endometriosis is likely to decrease the fertility of a woman. It may decrease fertility by 30-40 percent. This may require you to meet your health expert.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) and Ovarian Cysts
The presence of an ovarian cyst can bring other medical conditions like polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This can lead to the cause of infertility in women. Ovaries of a woman consist of an egg that is capable of developing a fetus. These eggs are released every month. In case fertilization does not take place, the egg gets ruptured. This leads to bleeding which is considered to be a part of the menstrual cycle.
Women with PCOS do not possess enough hormones needed for a fully matured egg. However, the follicles grow and build up fluid but eggs do not release like what happens in a normal menstrual cycle. This causes the follicles to remain dormant. In this case, ovulation does not take place. This is because the body fails to produce the hormones called progesterone. This hormone plays an important role in keeping the regular flow of the menstrual cycle.
Ovarian Cysts and Pregnancy
Ovarian cysts are common during early pregnancy. These cysts can be formed even if you are not menstruating. Though these are harmless, they are still possible to create chances of issues. This may interfere during the process of childbirth. These cysts may rupture, twist, or can cause problems with the newborn. If you are facing continuous pain in your below-stomach area, it is better to consult a gynecologist or obstetric. Having the effects of an ovarian cyst during pregnancy, you may have a risk of gestational diabetes, blood pressure, miscarriage, or premature delivery. Talking to a gynecologist may give you the right advice and the course of treatment. They will help you have a healthy pregnancy with a healthy child.
What is likely to happen when you have an ovarian cyst during pregnancy?
Having the presence of an ovarian cyst during pregnancy is not the cause of worry. Many cysts are harmless and go away on their own. Normally, ovarian cysts do not cause any symptoms even if they rupture or become painful. But, if the cysts twist or cause the ovary to twist, you may require immediate medical surgery.
Most of the common types of ovarian cyst during pregnancy is a corpus luteum cyst. These cysts generally go away themselves while or during the first trimester. But, sometimes, they stay and become larger. This may create a few chances of symptoms like:
- Feeling of fullness
- Pain during bowel movement
These symptoms may require surgery to remove. However, most doctors do not suggest surgery during pregnancy. This may create problems for the child. In such a case, only medications can help.
What if you have an ovarian cyst during pregnancy?
If the ovarian cyst during pregnancy is causing you problems like a feeling of twist or the pinches of pain, there can also be chances that your cyst is growing inside the womb. A growing cyst can create problems for the child. It can lead to obstruction in space for the baby with discomfort in the abdomen and pelvis.
Your caregiver will give you the correct suggestion. He or she may monitor your cysts and make sure whether or not it is growing. If ultrasound is not the right diagnosis then they may proceed with MRI.
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