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Writing and Speaking

How To Write A Research Paper | Some Important Parts of A Research Paper

One of the most important aspects of science is writing a research paper, which  make sure you put all the parts of your research paper in the right order.

You may have completed the best research project in the world, but if you don’t produce an interesting and well-designed article, then no one is going to take your work seriously.

The most important thing to keep in mind in any research papers is that it is based on hourglass structure. It starts with the overview where you conduct a literature review and gets more specific in research problem and  hypothesis.

While there are some differences between the various disciplines, fields who put more emphasis on some parts while others don’t. It is a basic underlying structure.

These stages constitute the basic pieces in the assembly of a good research paper. This section deals with developing the parts of a research article where the different  experimental methods and designs are included.

Methods for literature review and writing of all kinds follow the same basic principles.

  • Introduction
  • Method
  • Results
  • Bibliography
  • Conclusion


Some students consider writing the introduction is the first part of the process. For others the introduction is the last thing written and acts as a short summary of the article. As long as you have planned a good structure for the different parts of a research article, both methods will be equally good and it is a matter of preference.

A good introduction generally consists of three distinct parts and begins with

  1. A general presentation of the research problem;
  2. An exact design of what you will try to achieve with this particular research project;

an indication of your position.

  1. Ideally you should try to give each section its own paragraph, but short and long articles may vary.

1) The General Presentation

Look at the advantages that can be obtained with the investigation or why the problem has not been solved. Maybe no one will going to think about that but might be possible previous research turned up some interesting clues that previous researchers didn’t follow up on.

Another researcher may have discovered some interesting trends but failed to reach the level of significance due to  experimental error or  small sample sizes.

2) Purpose and Exact Address of the Item

The research problem doesn’t have to be a statement, but it should at least imply what you’re trying to find.

Many authors prefer to place the thesis or hypothesis statement here, which is perfectly acceptable, but most include it in the last few sentences of the introduction, to give the reader a more complete overview.

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3) A Writer’s Statement of Intent

In this section, you seek to provide a background to the research including all the relevant information learned during your literature review. You also try to explain why you choose this area of ​​research, trying to highlight why it is necessary.

The second part should indicate the objective of the experiment and should include the research problem, as part of focusing the introduction towards the statement of the thesis or hypothesis. 

The third part should give the reader a brief summary of the form the parts of the research paper will take and should include an abridged version of the discussion.

The method

This should be the easiest part of the article to write, as it is a point-by-point review of the  design and methodology used to conduct the research. Obviously, the methodology varies according to the  exact field and type of experiment like that we do in write my essay for me.

There is a big methodological difference between the team-based research of the physical sciences and the methodological observational of the social sciences. However, the key lies in making sure that another researcher can repeat the experiment exactly, while keeping the section concise.

You can assume that the reader of your work is familiar with all the basic methods, so try not to explain every last detail. For example, an organic chemist or biochemist will be familiar with chromatography, so just highlight the type of equipment and not explain the process in detail.

The results

This is probably the most variable part of any research paper and depends on the results and goals of the experiment.

In quantitative research it consists of a presentation of numerical data and results  whereas in qualitative research it should be a broader discussion of trends, without going in to too much detail.

For research that generates a large number of results , it is best to include tables or graphs of the analyzed data and leave the raw data in the appendix so we can  have a better  researches & calculations.

A comment is essential to link the results together, instead of showing isolated and unconnected graphs, figures and results.

It can be very difficult to find a good balance between the results and  discussion sections , as some findings, especially in a quantitative or descriptive experiment that will fall into a gray area. As long as you don’t repeat yourself too often, there should be no problem.

It’s best to try to find a middle way, where you provide an overview of the information and then build on it in the discussion. You should try to keep your opinions and interpretations out of the results section, reserving them for discussion.

The Discussion

This is where you explain your findings in more detail and specify what you found, adding your personal interpretations.

Ideally, you should link the discussion  with the introduction, to address each opening point in more detail.

It is important to try to make sure that every piece of information included in your discussion is directly related to the thesis statement. Otherwise, you run the risk of confusing your findings. You can expand on the topic in the conclusion , keeping in mind the hourglass principle.

The Bibliography

No article is completed without a bibliography which contains all the sources you used for your research. This must be presented in accordance with APA , MLA or other indicated format, which allows any interested researcher to monitor the research.

A custom that is becoming more common especially in online articles is to include a reference to your article on the last page. Include it in MLA, APA, and Chicago format so anyone who references your article can copy and paste it.


The conclusion is where the discussion is based and where you try to refer your conclusions to other research and the world in general.

In a short research article, it may be two paragraphs, or it may be non-existent at all.

In a dissertation, this may be the most important part of the entire article not only describing the results and discussion in detail. but also emphasizes the importance of the results in the field and links them to previous research.

Some research articles require a section of recommendations, establishing new research directions. As well as highlighting the flaws that may exist and that have affected the results. In this case, you could suggest some improvements that could be made to the research design.

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