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Health and FitnessUncategorized

Have you or anyone you know had a Kidney transplant?

The Kidneys are the bean-shaped organ present on each side of the abdomen. These help in the regular blood flow. There are millions of tiny filters present inside the kidney and are known as nephrons. These nephrons help to filter the water and blood to form urine. The urine thus filtered out of the kidney passes through ureters into the urinary bladder. Through the bladder, it passes to the urethra and thereby gets out of the body.

In case if nephrons get damaged by any disease, the kidneys can lose their filtering ability. This makes the body available for various life-threatening diseases. This is because the waste products and chemicals remain inside the body. When the kidneys lose around 90% of their filtering ability, the person is said to have end-stage kidney disease.

Pushpawati Singhania Hospital is a multi-specialty institute. It caters to providing only quality services. It is possessed with high-quality healthcare facilities, a high level of patient satisfaction, and ambiance infrastructure. It possesses the state-of-art that makes it famous around the world and makes it to achieve international reputed stars. It offers highly specialized tertiary treatment to various states of India and foreign countries.

Possible causes of end-stage Kidney Disease

Common causes of end-stage kidney disease include:-

  • Diabetes – During diabetes, patients have a regular flow of blood sugar. This blood sugar can damage the filters of the kidney. It leads to long-term kidney damage and finally kidney failure. This is known as diabetic nephropathy. During this time, kidney failure causes the human body to get infected by various germs. This is because the body gets accumulated with waste material. Moreover, kidney filtration costs a lot of money that patients often hesitate to afford. This leads to severe health damage and various other forms of the disease.
  • High Blood Pressure: This is another cause of kidney failure or end-stage disease of the kidney. High blood pressure leads to damage and prevents the filtering ability of the kidney. It hinders the normal processing of kidneys and leads to damage.
  • Blockage in the arteries: Blockage in the blood vessels brings low levels of blood to the kidneys and causes ultimate damage. This is called renal artery stenosis. In this case, the vessels flowing blood to the kidneys become narrow. It makes it difficult for the blood to reach its destination inside the kidneys. Thereby, it hinders the appropriate flow of oxygen-rich blood.
  • Another condition that leads to end-stage disease of the kidney is polycystic kidney disease. This is an inherited condition. Several large cysts are formed with the presence of this disease. Hollow spaces are further formed within the kidney. This further hinders the normal functioning of the kidneys.
  • There may be congenital problems with the development of kidneys. This can take place at the time of birth or during pregnancy. This further manifests 90% of the kidney function.
  • The body becomes vulnerable to a disease called systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In such a condition, the immune system of the body fails to recognize the body organ. It attacks the kidney thinking of it as a foreign object and creates hindering effects.

In today’s time, a kidney transplant is the most common surgery to perform. In this surgery, the kidneys that are not working properly are replaced by the donor’s kidney. Kidney transplant has been in practice since the 1950s. The surgery is said to save many lives and various kidney diseases including kidney renal failure. If anyone of you or anyone you know cannot have a kidney transplant, dialysis is the most probable solution to sustain life. Dialysis involves the cleaning of blood by purifying or removing waste material.

What Happens When Kidneys Fail?

When the kidney fails, it leads to various other forms of the disease. These include:

  • high blood pressure
  • weak bones
  • fluid buildup (edema)
  • decreased red blood cells
  • Imbalance in the body between salts and acids of the blood composition

All these types of diseases are harmful. They cause kidney failure either directly (within a few months of revealing symptoms) or indirectly. They are deadly and cause damage to the heart, brain, and skeleton system.

How Do the Kidneys Work?

The kidneys are the fist-size organs. They handle the filter of waste material that may be filled with chemicals and harmful substances. They are found on both sides of the spine behind the liver. Healthy kidneys filter the blood and process it to form urine. They maintain the balance of sodium, potassium, and calcium in the body. They also help in the regulation of the hormones that control blood pressure and RBCs.

What to expect when you have a Kidney Transplant?

About 30 out of every 100 patients need a kidney transplant due to kidney failure. This surgery helps to return the two kidneys with one healthy kidney. Around 2/3rd of kidney transplants take place with the help of non-living donors. Family members, close relatives, friends, and spouses may have a kidney transplant if the donor’s kidney matches with the recipient’s kidney. The second thing that matters for a kidney transplant is the survival of patients. It must ensure that both the participants of the kidney transplant procedure can live with only one kidney. In such a condition, it becomes safe to proceed with the transplantation procedure otherwise a non-living patient’s kidney is transplanted.

A kidney transplant is done by placing another kidney at the lower abdomen without removing the failed kidney. The artery and vein of the new kidney are joined with the respective blood vessels. One of the tubes from the bladder is also joined. The ureter is also joined to the new kidney so that it can filter the urine and can pass it to the bladder. 

Conclusion:

A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure. It involves the transfer of a healthy kidney from a living or deceased donor into a person who is suffering kidney failure. When your kidney loses the ability to function properly, harmful levels of waste material accumulate in the body. This can raise blood pressure and can change the size of blood vessels. The end-stage renal disease occurs when the kidney fails at around 90% of its ability to function properly. People with end-stage renal disease need to have external use of the gadget to remove the waste material from the bloodstream. This procedure is called dialysis or else a kidney transplant is carried out in some severe cases.

At Pushpawati Singhania Hospital, the professionals and trained doctors come together to form a team. They are trained as far as medical assistance is concerned. They help the patients to get favorable outcomes from a kidney transplant. Having a specialized team in a place means you are having a team of members and expertise discussing your health condition. Your medical condition is discussed, tested, analyzed, and diagnosed together with the support of coordinators. This further helps to determine what suits you best.

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